Written by

Bernard Marr

Bernard Marr is a world-renowned futurist, influencer and thought leader in the fields of business and technology, with a passion for using technology for the good of humanity. He is a best-selling author of 20 books, writes a regular column for Forbes and advises and coaches many of the world’s best-known organisations. He has over 2 million social media followers, 1 million newsletter subscribers and was ranked by LinkedIn as one of the top 5 business influencers in the world and the No 1 influencer in the UK.

Bernard’s latest book is ‘Business Trends in Practice: The 25+ Trends That Are Redefining Organisations’

View Latest Book

Follow Me

Bernard Marr ist ein weltbekannter Futurist, Influencer und Vordenker in den Bereichen Wirtschaft und Technologie mit einer Leidenschaft für den Einsatz von Technologie zum Wohle der Menschheit. Er ist Bestsellerautor von 20 Büchern, schreibt eine regelmäßige Kolumne für Forbes und berät und coacht viele der weltweit bekanntesten Organisationen. Er hat über 2 Millionen Social-Media-Follower, 1 Million Newsletter-Abonnenten und wurde von LinkedIn als einer der Top-5-Business-Influencer der Welt und von Xing als Top Mind 2021 ausgezeichnet.

Bernards neueste Bücher sind ‘Künstliche Intelligenz im Unternehmen: Innovative Anwendungen in 50 Erfolgreichen Unternehmen’

View Latest Book

Follow Me

The Top 4 Finance KPIs Every Business Must Be Tracking

2 July 2021

The key performance indicators (KPIs) and metrics I help companies develop are determined because they help that company monitor its specific strategy. However, regardless of your business model, industry, or unique selling proposition, every company needs to monitor financial metrics. While your business might adopt additional financial metrics, these are the top four financial KPIs that should be monitored by every company to be effective.


Often referred to as the “top line” because it’s the top line of the income statement, every company needs to watch how much revenue is generated by sales and business activities. When you look at revenue, it is important to understand how income has grown over time, which we refer to as the revenue growth rate. Additionally, you might want to break down overall revenue and look at revenue by product, region, services, customers, etc. so you can tell exactly what drives your income. An important aspect to check for is revenue concentration. You want to avoid having too much revenue coming from one customer or one area of the business. The advice, “don’t put all your eggs in one basket” is pertinent for your company’s income as well.


Profitability is another critical KPI to monitor for all businesses. The key metric here is net profit, which is the result when you take income minus your expenses—literally what’s left at the end of the month, quarter, or year. Also referred to as your company’s bottom line, net profit is a key metric. A good way to look at your profits is by evaluating your net profit margin. The net profit margin is the percentage of revenue that is left for net profit. A net profit margin of 10% is considered average; 20% high and 5% low although this varies by industry.


Liquidity is how much money you have available to e.g. keep your business going, weather a storm, or invest in new opportunities. A good metric to understand liquidity is a company’s working capital, which is the difference between current assets such as cash, stocks, accounts receivable, and inventories and the company’s current liabilities such as accounts payable. Ideally, you want to aim for a ratio between 1.2 and 2 to have a healthy business. Another way to look at liquidity is your cash conversion cycle (CCC) which is how long it takes to gain revenue from when you first make an investment. For example, if you invest in new equipment or a new product, the CCC would be how long it takes for you to get revenue in your bank account from that investment. Companies want to reduce their CCC for better liquidity.

Return on Investment (ROI)

Companies want to invest wisely—in endeavors that generate a big return to the company or what is called a return on investment or ROI for short. When you are tracking ROI, you are measuring how much revenue was created by a campaign, product, or program compared to how much it cost to create. For example, in marketing, a return on investment of five to one is considered strong (i.e. invest $1 to get $5 in return) while ten to one is an exceptional return on investment.

Additional KPI Resources

While every company should have key performance indicators to monitor sales, profitability, liquidity, and return on investment, there are many other financial KPIs that might make sense for your company to track. Check out a few of the options in my Key Performance Indicator (KPI) Library. When it comes to KPIs, please keep in mind it’s quality over quantity. It’s common for organizations to struggle to narrow down KPIs to only the most meaningful for their company.

Meaningful KPIs, combined with effective strategic planning, serve as essential navigation tools to help companies understand performance and how they are delivering to strategic goals. I’ve developed a KPI template—that I use with my clients in business and government—that can help you streamline the development of KPIs. This template is based on more than 25 years of experience facilitating the process for companies of all sizes and industries.

Although the term KPI is popular in business today, unfortunately, it’s often misunderstood. When companies simply adopt KPIs being used by other companies or don’t really understand them, they won’t be effective. Therefore, it’s important to not only understand how to use KPIs effectively, but how to develop the right ones that will lead your organization to success.

You can also see additional resources about key performance indicators on my YouTube channel.

Where to go from here

If you would like to know more about measuring HR effectiveness, check out my articles on:

Or browse the KPI Library to find the metrics that matter most to you.

Business Trends In Practice | Bernard Marr
Business Trends In Practice | Bernard Marr

Related Articles

15 Habits To Achieve A Better Work-Life Balance In Today’s Fast-Paced World

Our world is unpredictable and changing fast. Technology brings new challenges and, very often, pressure to be constantly connected.[...]

The Future Of Business: 8 Trends For Startups To Watch

Change and transformation in business continue at a furious rate, and new trends pose opportunities and challenges for organizations of all sizes.[...]

The Power of Mindset: How Curiosity And Humility Can Drive Career Success

I’ve recently finished writing a book on essential future skills, and if I had to pick one skill that underpinned all the other skills in the book it’d be curiosity.[...]

How To Upgrade From Data-Driven To AI-Driven Marketing Analytics

We’re told that data is the key to business success. But how do we go about turning data into money?[...]

The 5 Biggest Problems With Blockchain Technology Everyone Must Know About

Blockchain technology has undeniably captured the imagination of the tech world and beyond, offering the promise of decentralized, transparent, and tamper-proof systems.[...]

How to Make AI Work in Your Organization

As the world continues to embrace the transformative power of artificial intelligence, businesses of all sizes must find ways to effectively integrate this technology into their daily operations.[...]

Stay up-to-date

  • Get updates straight to your inbox
  • Join my 1 million newsletter subscribers
  • Never miss any new content

Social Media

Yearly Views


View Podcasts